Alexander Konstantinovich Glazunov (1865-1936), Russian composer of the late Russian Romantic period, music teacher and conductor. He served as director of the Saint Petersburg Conservatory between 1905 and 1928 and was also instrumental in the reorganization of the institute into the Petrograd Conservatory, then the Leningrad Conservatory, following the Bolshevik Revolution. He continued heading the Conservatory until 1930, though he had left the Soviet Union in 1928 and did not return. The best known student under his tenure during the early Soviet years was Dmitri Shostakovich.
Glazunov was born in Saint
Petersburg, the son of a wealthy publisher. He began studying
piano at age of nine and began composing at 11. Mily Balakirev,
former leader of the nationalist group "The Five" also called
“The Mighty Handfull”, recognized Glazunov's talent and brought
his work to the attention of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov. "Casually
Balakirev once brought me the composition of a fourteen- or
fifteen-year-old high-school student, Sasha Glazunov",
Rimsky-Korsakov remembered. "It was an orchestral score written
in childish fashion. The boy's talent was indubitably clear."
Balakirev introduced him to Rimsky-Korsakov shortly afterwards,
in December 1879 and Rimsky-Korsakov premiered this work in
1882, when Glazunov was only 16. Borodin and Stasov, among
others, lavishly praised both the work and its composer.
Rimsky-Korsakov taught Glazunov as a private student. "His
musical development progressed not by the day, but literally by
the hour", Rimsky-Korsakov wrote. The nature of their
relationship also changed. By the spring of 1881,
Rimsky-Korsakov considered Glazunov more of a junior colleague
than a student while observing his progress on the first of
Glazunov's eight symphonies.
Shostakovich mentioned in Testimony that there were many similar stories about Glazunov's memory. One of the more famous ones, he recalled, was when Sergei Taneyev came to Saint Petersburg with a new symphony. The person whom Taneyev was visiting hid the teenage Glazunov in the next room. Taneyev played his symphony on the piano for the host. The other guests praised and congratulated him. The host then told Taneyev, "I'd like you to meet a talented young man. He's also written a symphony." He brought Glazunov in from the next room. The host said, "Sasha, show your symphony to our dear guest." Glazunov sat down at the piano and played Taneyev's symphony from beginning to end, after hearing it only once and through a closed door. Glazunov died in Neuilly-sur-Seine (near Paris) at the age of 70 in 1936. The announcement of his death shocked many. They had long associated Glazunov with the music of the past rather than of the present, so they thought he had already been dead for many years. In 1972 his remains were reinterred in Leningrad.
The Chant du Ménestrel (‘Minstrel's Song’) was written in 1900, a poignant minstrel's song, with a change of mood in the central section, before the woodwind returns with the first melody. The Two Pieces for cello and orchestra are still earlier, dating from 1887 and 1888. The Mélodie is delicately orchestrated, always giving due prominence to the cello melody-line. The Sérénade Espagnole (‘Spanish Serenade’) makes use of a harp and plucked strings in its orchestration, an accomplished Russian evocation of Spain, perhaps a recollection of Glazunov's visit to that country with Belyayev in 1884.
Ivan Glebovich Sokolov was
born in Moscow in 1960, and graduated from the Moscow State Conservatory in
1983, having studied composition with Professor N. N. Sidelnikov and piano with
Professor L. Naumov. He then continued at the Conservatory with post-graduate
work, completing his work in 1986. He subsequently taught at the Conservatory
between 1988 and 1994.
Mr. Sokolov composed the Cello Sonata in 2002 and dedicated it to composer N. N. Sidelnikov (the tonal plan is marked with his initials).
Alexander Konstantinovich Glazunov (1865